(CCR reporting for the City of Elephant Butte 2019)

Spanish (Espanol)

Este informe contiene informacion muy importunate sobre la calidad de su agua beber. Traduscalo o hable con alguien que lo entienda bien.

Is my water safe?

We are pleased to present this year’s Annual Water Quality Report (Consumer Confidence Report) as required by the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA). This report is designed to provide details about where your water comes from, what it contains, and how it compares to standards set by regulatory agencies. This report is a snapshot of last year’s water quality. We are committed to providing you with information because informed customers are our best allies.

Do I need to take special precautions?

Some people may be more vulnerable to contaminants in drinking water than the general population. Immune-compromised persons such as persons with cancer undergoing chemotherapy, persons who have undergone organ transplants, people with HIV/AIDS or other immune system disorders, some elderly, and infants can be particularly at risk from infections. These people should seek advice about drinking water from their health care providers. EPA/Centers for Disease Control (CDC) guidelines on appropriate means to lessen the risk of infection by Cryptosporidium and other microbial contaminants are available from the Safe Water Drinking Hotline (800-426-4791).

Where does my water come from?

Your ground water comes from two well pumps, well #2 located at 516 Perch and well #3 located at 127 Michigan Dr.

Source water assessment and its availability

Source water assessment and sanitary survey should be available by this year 2020.

Why are there contaminants in my drinking water?

Drinking water, including bottled water, may reasonably be expected to contain at least small amounts of some contaminants. The presence of contaminants does not necessarily indicate that water poses a health risk. More information about contaminants and potential health effects can be obtained by calling the Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) Safe Drinking Water Hotline (800-426-4791). The sources of drinking water (both tap water and bottled water) include rivers, lakes, streams, ponds, reservoirs, springs, and wells. As water travels over the surface of the land or through the ground, it dissolves naturally occurring minerals and, in some cases, radioactive material, and can pick up substances resulting from the presence of animals or from human activity:
microbial contaminants, such as viruses and bacteria, that may come from sewage treatment plants, septic systems, agricultural livestock operations, and wildlife; inorganic contaminants, such as salts and metals, which can be naturally occurring or result from urban storm water runoff, industrial, or domestic wastewater discharges, oil and gas production, mining, or farming; pesticides and herbicides, which may come from a variety of sources such as agriculture, urban storm water runoff, and residential uses; organic Chemical Contaminants, including synthetic and volatile organic chemicals, which are by-products of industrial processes and petroleum production, and can also come from gas stations, urban storm water runoff, and septic systems; and radioactive contaminants, which can be naturally occurring or be the result of oil and gas production and mining activities. In order to ensure that tap water is safe to drink, EPA prescribes regulations that limit the amount of certain contaminants in water provided by public water systems. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulations establish limits for contaminants in bottled water which must provide the same protection for public health.

How can I get involved?

To get more evolved with our drinking water. Join our cities meetings that are posted regularly at City Hall.

Description of Water Treatment Process

Your water is treated by disinfection. Disinfection involves the addition of chlorine or other disinfectant to kill dangerous bacteria and microorganisms that may be in the water. Disinfection is considered to be one of the major public health advances of the 20th century.

Water Conservation Tips

Did you know that the average U.S. household uses approximately 400 gallons of water per day or 100 gallons per person per day? Luckily, there are many low-cost and no-cost ways to conserve water. Small changes can make a big difference – try one today and soon it will become second nature.

  • Take short showers – a 5 minute shower uses 4 to 5 gallons of water compared to up to 50 gallons for a bath.
  • Shut off water while brushing your teeth, washing your hair and shaving and save up to 500 gallons a month.
  • Use a water-efficient showerhead. They’re inexpensive, easy to install, and can save you up to 750 gallons a month.
  • Run your clothes washer and dishwasher only when they are full. You can save up to 1,000 gallons a month.
  • Water plants only when necessary.
  • Fix leaky toilets and faucets. Faucet washers are inexpensive and take only a few minutes to replace. To check your toilet for a leak, place a few drops of food coloring in the tank and wait. If it seeps into the toilet bowl without flushing, you have a leak. Fixing it or replacing it with a new, more efficient model can save up to 1,000 gallons a month.
  • Adjust sprinklers so only your lawn is watered. Apply water only as fast as the soil can absorb it and during the cooler parts of the day to reduce evaporation.
  • Teach your kids about water conservation to ensure a future generation that uses water wisely. Make it a family effort to reduce next month’s water bill!
  • Visit www.epa.gov/watersense for more information.

Source Water Protection Tips

Protection of drinking water is everyone’s responsibility. You can help protect your community’s drinking water source in several ways:

  • Eliminate excess use of lawn and garden fertilizers and pesticides – they contain hazardous chemicals that can reach your drinking water source.
  • Pick up after your pets.
  • If you have your own septic system, properly maintain your system to reduce leaching to water sources or consider connecting to a public water system.
  • Dispose of chemicals properly; take used motor oil to a recycling center.
  • Volunteer in your community. Find a watershed or wellhead protection organization in your community and volunteer to help. If there are no active groups, consider starting one. Use EPA’s Adopt Your Watershed to locate groups in your community, or visit the Watershed Information Network’s How to Start a Watershed Team.
  • Organize a storm drain stenciling project with your local government or water supplier. Stencil a message next to the street drain reminding people “Dump No Waste – Drains to River” or “Protect Your Water.” Produce and distribute a flyer for households to remind residents that storm drains dump directly into your local water body.

Monitoring and reporting of compliance data violations

Chlorine reporting values, “health effects unknown”

Our water system recently violated a drinking water standard. Although this is not an emergency, as our customers, you have a right to know what happened, what you should do, and what we are doing to correct this situation.

*We are required to monitor our drinking water for specific contaminants on a regular basis. Results of regular monitoring are an indicator of whether or not our drinking water meets health standards. During the 4th quarter of 2018, we did not complete all monitoring and reporting requirements for disinfectant residuals, and therefore cannot be sure of the quality of your drinking water during that time. *

We are required to submit a report of the monthly disinfectant residuals on a quarterly basis to the New Mexico Environment Department, Drinking Water Bureau (NMED-DWB). We did not report disinfectant residuals monitored from the distribution system during the 4th quarter of 2018.

Special monitoring requirements violations

TTHM-1 Stage 2, did not monitor or sample for the June 2019

Our water system violated drinking water requirements over the past year. Even though these were not emergencies, as our customers, you have a right to know what happened and what we are doing (did) to correct these situations.

*We are required to monitor your drinking water for specific contaminants on a regular basis. Results of regular monitoring are an indicator of whether or not our drinking water meets health standards. During 2019 we did not complete all monitoring or testing for disinfection byproducts (Total Trihalomethanes and Haloacetic Acids) and therefore cannot be sure of the quality of your drinking water during that time. *

Table 1

ContaminantsSample Name(Address)Sampling FrequencyCompliance Period(s)
Total Trihalomethanes and Haloacetic AcidsTTHM-1210 Northern Dr.Yearly(June)2019

What should you do?

There is nothing you need to do. You do not need to boil your water or take other corrective actions. You may continue to drink the water. If a situation arises where the water is no longer safe to drink, you will be notified within 24 hours. 

What is being done?

Chlorine values for 2018 have been submitted; even though the time permitted has expired we have met the EPA standards for our quarterly chlorine residuals, and will continue to be more aware of our monitoring periods and operator errors for future monitoring.  Our violation as a Tier 3 will also give us a one year compliance that we will comply with once we sample during June of 2020 and have publically posted this report.

Additional Information for Lead

If present, elevated levels of lead can cause serious health problems, especially for pregnant women and young children. Lead in drinking water is primarily from materials and components associated with service lines and home plumbing. City of Elephant Butte is responsible for providing high quality drinking water, but cannot control the variety of materials used in plumbing components. When your water has been sitting for several hours, you can minimize the potential for lead exposure by flushing your tap for 30 seconds to 2 minutes before using water for drinking or cooking. If you are concerned about lead in your water, you may wish to have your water tested. Information on lead in drinking water, testing methods, and steps you can take to minimize exposure is available from the Safe Drinking Water Hotline or at http://www.epa.gov/safewater/lead.

Water Quality Data Table

In order to ensure that tap water is safe to drink, EPA prescribes regulations which limit the amount of contaminants in water provided by public water systems. The table below lists all of the drinking water contaminants that we detected during the calendar year of this report. Although many more contaminants were tested, only those substances listed below were found in your water. All sources of drinking water contain some naturally occurring contaminants. At low levels, these substances are generally not harmful in our drinking water. Removing all contaminants would be extremely expensive, and in most cases, would not provide increased protection of public health. A few naturally occurring minerals may actually improve the taste of drinking water and have nutritional value at low levels. Unless otherwise noted, the data presented in this table is from testing done in the calendar year of the report. The EPA or the State requires us to monitor for certain contaminants less than once per year because the concentrations of these contaminants do not vary significantly from year to year, or the system is not considered vulnerable to this type of contamination. As such, some of our data, though representative, may be more than one year old. In this table you will find terms and abbreviations that might not be familiar to you. To help you better understand these terms, we have provided the definitions below the table.

TT, or
Detect In
Your Water
ViolationTypical Source
Disinfectants & Disinfection By-Products
(There is convincing evidence that addition of a disinfectant is necessary for control of microbial contaminants)
Halo acetic Acids (HAA5) (ppb)NA602.132.132.132019NoBy-product of drinking water chlorination
Inorganic Contaminants
Nitrate [measured as Nitrogen] (ppm)10100NA02019NoRunoff from fertilizer use; Leaching from septic tanks, sewage; Erosion of natural deposits
Nitrite [measured as Nitrogen] (ppm)11.5NA.52019NoRunoff from fertilizer use; Leaching from septic tanks, sewage; Erosion of natural deposits
# Samples
Exceeding AL
Exceeds ALTypical Source
Inorganic Contaminants
Copper – action level at consumer taps (ppm) of household plumbing systems; Erosion of natural deposits
Inorganic Contaminants
Lead – action level at consumer taps (ppb)0153.220190NoCorrosion of household plumbing systems; Erosion of natural deposits

Additional Contaminants

In an effort to insure the safest water possible the State has required us to monitor some contaminants not required by Federal regulations. Of those contaminants only the ones listed below were found in your water.

ContaminantsState MCLYour WaterViolationExplanation and Comment
Bromoacetic Acid1 ugls1 ug/lNoIs a colorless, crystalline(sand like) solid. It is used to make other chemicals and in harvesting citrus fruit. “Corrosive”
Bromoform.5 ug/l5.94 ug/lNoMay occur from consumption of chlorinated drinking water. The acute (short term) effects from high levels consist of nervous system effects such as slowing down of brain function and injury to liver and kidneys
Chloro acetic Acid2 ug/l2 ug/lNoIs a white brown sand like material. It is used to make dyes and other chemicals, as a herbicide, and disinfectant. “Corrosive”
Chloroform.5 ug/l.766 ug/lNoThe EPA and international agency for research on cancer shows as a probable carcinogen in humans.
Dibromoacetic Acid1 ug/l2.13 ug/lNoIs a highly corrosive, colorless liquid with a pungent odor. It is used as a fungicide, as a chemical intermediate in pharmaceuticals , and as medication. “Compliance Safe.”
Dibromochloromethane.5 ug/l7.38 ug/lNoIs formed when chlorine is added to a water supply system. High levels consist of, such as slowing down of brain function and injury to liver and kidneys. Has been found at 5 of the 1,518 national priorities list sites identified by the EPA.
Dichloroacetic Acid1 ug/l1 ug/lNoIs a chemical intermediate in the synthesis of organic materials, as an ingredient in pharmaceuticals, medicines? “Heartburn, nausea, vomiting, indigestion”
Trichloroacetic Acid1 ug/l1 ug/lNoIs used as chemical peels for tattoo removal and as a topical medication for warts. “Corrosive”

Unit Descriptions
ppmppm: parts per million, or milligrams per liter (mg/L)
ppbppb: parts per billion, or micrograms per liter (µg/L)
NANA: not applicable
NDND: Not detected
NRNR: Monitoring not required, but recommended.
Important Drinking Water Definitions
MCLGMCLG: Maximum Contaminant Level Goal: The level of a contaminant in drinking water below which there is no known or expected risk to health. MCLGs allow for a margin of safety.
MCLMCL: Maximum Contaminant Level: The highest level of a contaminant that is allowed in drinking water. MCLs are set as close to the MCLGs as feasible using the best available treatment technology.
TTTT: Treatment Technique: A required process intended to reduce the level of a contaminant in drinking water.
ALAL: Action Level: The concentration of a contaminant which, if exceeded, triggers treatment or other requirements which a water system must follow.
Variances and ExemptionsVariances and Exemptions: State or EPA permission not to meet an MCL or a treatment technique under certain conditions.
MRDLGMRDLG: Maximum residual disinfection level goal. The level of a drinking water disinfectant below which there is no known or expected risk to health. MRDLGs do not reflect the benefits of the use of disinfectants to control microbial contaminants.
MRDLMRDL: Maximum residual disinfectant level. The highest level of a disinfectant allowed in drinking water. There is convincing evidence that addition of a disinfectant is necessary for control of microbial contaminants.
MNRMNR: Monitored Not Regulated
MPLMPL: State Assigned Maximum Permissible Level

TT ViolationExplanationLengthHealth Effects LanguageExplanation and Comment
Ground Water Rule violationsTotal coli formless than a month.Inadequately treated water may contain disease-causing organisms. These organisms include bacteria, viruses, and parasites, which can cause symptoms such as nausea, cramps, diarrhea, and associated headaches.provided repeats at triggered sources. Posted public notices. Complied with all EPA administrative orders.
For more information please contact:

Contact Name: Salvador Martinez
Address: P.O. box 1080
Elephant Butte, NM 87935
Phone: 575-744-9163